Ophthalmology - medECUBE
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the eye. There is a wide spectrum of eye related issues ranging from routine eye examination to various eye conditions such as cataract, refractive error, glaucoma, corneal and external eye diseases, retinal diseases, pediatric eye diseases/disorders, eye infections etc.

Services Provided:

  • Cataract: Phacoemulsification (Micro Incision) technique with foldable IOLs (Aspheric, Toric, multifocal, Toric Multifocal)
  • Refractive Error: Glasses, Contact Lenses, LASIK laser (Customized, Intralase), ICL
  • Retinal Detachment, Vitreous Haemorrhage and other retinal diseases: Lasers and Surgical Treatment
  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Fluorescein Angiography (FA), OCT, Intravitreal Injections, Retinal Lasers and Surgical Treatment
  • Age Related Macular degeneration (ARMD): FA, OCT, Laser, Intravitreal Injections of Lucentis/Avastin/Macugen/Steroids
  • Glaucoma: Investigations – OCT, Visual field analyzer, Pachymetry; Medical, Laser and Surgical Treatments
  • Cornea Scar: Penetrating Keratoplasty (corneal transplant)
  • Keratoconus: Corneal Collagen Cross- Linking with Riboflavin (C3R), Intacs
  • Squint: Checkup, Glasses, Exercise, Surgery
  • Oculoplasty Cosmetic Eye Surgery

FAQs

How often should one get their eye checkup done?

Most eye care experts recommend that you have a complete eye examination every one to three years, depending on your age, risk factors and whether you currently wear corrective lenses. The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends that adults wearing glasses or contacts and adults aged 61 and older should see their eye doctor every year or as recommended. If no vision correction is required, adults aged 18 to 60 should have eye exams every two years. Children need regular eye exams to detect vision problems that may interfere with learning.

 

What is dilation and how long is it before dilation wears off?

Dilation of eyes is done for detailed eye examination, to check your prescription, detect cataract, glaucoma and to examine retina in detail. It takes 2 to 4 hours for the effect of dilation to wear off, depending on which medication is required.

What is a cataract?   

A cataract is a cloudiness of the lens in your eye that prevents light from passing to the retina and can impair your vision. Cataracts form naturally as you age and sometimes remain small and unnoticeable. But with more developed cataracts, it is like viewing the world through a foggy window all the time!

What are the symptoms of a cataract?

An annual visit to your eye doctor can help identify cataracts early on but there are symptoms you can look out for:

  • Cloudy vision
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Halos around lights
  • Frequent changes in glasses or contacts prescriptions
  • Double vision in one eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • Seeing faded colors

 

How do I know if I need surgery?

You should begin by consulting your eye doctor. She or he will review your medical history and perform tests to determine if you need corrective surgery. Then you can begin to discuss which specific surgery option is best for you.

 

What are the symptoms of Presbyopia?

One of the early indicators of presbyopia is trouble with reading fine print. If you find yourself having to hold books farther away to see them clearly, you should talk to your eye doctor.

 

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that connects the retina to the brain. However, with early detection and treatment of glaucoma, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.

 

Does increased eye pressure mean I have glaucoma?

Not necessarily. Increased eye pressure means you are at risk for glaucoma, but does not mean you have the disease. A person has glaucoma only if the optic nerve is damaged.

 

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Open angle glaucoma may not have any symptoms. Without treatment, people will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision and seem to be looking through a tunnel. In Angle closure glaucoma there may be hazy or blurred vision, appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights, severe eye and head pain, nausea or vomiting, sudden sight loss.

 

What is LASIK?

LASIK (Laser assisted in situ Keratomileusis) is an outpatient procedure which uses laser to reshape the cornea (clear covering of the eye) thus altering the refractive status of the eye and enable you to see clearly without glasses. LASIK could be done to treat Nearsightedness (Myopia), Farsightedness (Hyperopia), Astigmatism and Presbyopia.

 

How do I know that I am a good candidate for LASIK?

For LASIK you should be over 18 years of age and your glasses prescription should be stable for over 1 year. LASIK is not for everyone, consult your doctor to know if LASIK is safe for you.

 

What is Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)?

Dry Eye is a condition caused by changes in the quantity or quality of your tears.

 

What causes DES?

Causes of DES

  • Environment – Sunny, dry, or windy weather, heaters, air conditioners, and arid high altitudes increase the evaporation of tears from the surface of your eyes. You may experience dry eye symptoms while viewing television, computer screens, or while reading.
  • Contact lens wear increases tear evaporation and related dry eye symptoms.
  • Age – Tear production gradually decreases with age. At age 65, the tear glands produce about 40 percent of the lubricating tears they produced at age 18. Decreased tear production may cause eye irritation and excess tearing or watery eyes.
  • Medication – Decongestants, antihistamines, oral contraceptives, tranquilizers, and diuretics
  • Health Problem – Arthritis, diabetes, thyroid abnormality, asthma, or an autoimmune condition known as Sjorgren’s Syndrome.

 

 

 

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